Tag Archives: diagnosis

New study Suggests that Delayed Diagnosis of Autism in Girls May be Due to Less Severe Symprtoms

Researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, MD found that girls may present less severe symptoms of autism spectrum disorder than boys, causing them to be diagnosed with the condition later.

“The researchers identified differences in symptoms between boys and girls. They found girls struggled more with the ability to interpret social cues, while boys were more likely to demonstrate “severe mannerisms,” including repetitive behaviors such as hand flapping. Boys were also more likely than girls to have limited interests.

Older boys aged 10-15 were more likely than girls of the same age to struggle with social cues, however, and have difficulties with language in social situations.”

Read the full article from Medical News Today HERE

Autism Hangout 4: Autism in Women

Our panel discusses the experiences and challenges of women with Autism Spectrum Conditions:

 

Autism Hangout: Autism Diagnoses

On the third episode of the Autism Hangout, I joined Autism Campaigner Kevin Healey and other panelists to discuss Autism diagnoses. Amongst the questions we discussed are, ‘Why have a diagnoses or a label?’ and ‘What support should be available after a diagnosis?’

Due to technical difficulties, the first 90 seconds are full of feedback. Please fast forward to 1:30.

The Sally-Anne Test (Theory Of Mind)

The Sally-Anne test is a psychological test which is used to check a people’s understanding of others’ beliefs and points of views, also known as Theory of Mind. Theory of Mind is important because it allows us to predict what others might say or do in certain situations (Baron-Cohen, Leslie & Frith, 1985). Frith and Frith (2002) proposed that a Theory of Mind deficit may explain the  social and communication difficulties displayed by people with Autism.

REFERENCES:

Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. & Frith, U. (1985). Does the Autistic child have ‘theory of mind’? Cognition, 21, 37-46.

Frith, U. & Frith, C. (2002). Development and neuropsychology of mentalizing. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 358, 459-473.

 

More articles on Autism:

Getting off to a good start: Meeting students with ASD for the first time

Being Proud of Having Autism

What Would You Do If You Witness An Autistic Person Being Insulted?

Never EVER say these things to people iwth Autism!

He flaps his hands and screams a lot but he doesn’t mean to annoy you

Optimum Outcomes for people with Autism

DSM 5 and its implications to ASD diagnosis

Diagnosing Autism: What you need to know

Vote for Miss Montana 2012, Alexis Wineman

What does Autism mean?

What is PDD-NOS?

Communication difficulties in Autism

Big Bang Theory’s Sheldon Cooper: Asperger’s Syndrome’s Poster Boy?

Still unsure if Sheldon has Asperger’s?

DSM-V and Autism

The Autistic Me: BBC Documentary

Temple Grandin: The world needs all kinds of minds

Autism in the classroom:

Guide to parents of students with ASD on coping with the first day back to school

Common signs of Autism in the classroom

First day back to school: Top tips for parents of children with Autism

Practical tips to make your classroom Autism-Friendly

Inspiring People with Autism:

Dr. Temple Grandin

Jessica-Jane Applegate (British Paralympian)

Satoshi Tajiri (Pokemon creator)

Carly Fleischmann

More on Savants:

Simon Baron-Cohen on Daniel Tammet

The Psychology of Savants: Memory Masters

Artists with Autism

The Einstein Effect: Is there a link between having Autism and being a genius?

More on Autistic Savants

More articles on Autism:

Being Proud of Having Autism

What Would You Do If You Witness An Autistic Person Being Insulted?

Never EVER say these things to people iwth Autism!

He flaps his hands and screams a lot but he doesn’t mean to annoy you

Optimum Outcomes for people with Autism

DSM 5 and its implications to ASD diagnosis

Diagnosing Autism: What you need to know

Vote for Miss Montana 2012, Alexis Wineman

What does Autism mean?

What is PDD-NOS?

Communication difficulties in Autism

Big Bang Theory’s Sheldon Cooper: Asperger’s Syndrome’s Poster Boy?

Still unsure if Sheldon has Asperger’s?

DSM-V and Autism

The Autistic Me: BBC Documentary

Temple Grandin: The world needs all kinds of minds

Autism in the classroom:

Guide to parents of students with ASD on coping with the first day back to school

Common signs of Autism in the classroom

First day back to school: Top tips for parents of children with Autism

Practical tips to make your classroom Autism-Friendly

Inspiring People with Autism:

Dr. Temple Grandin

Jessica-Jane Applegate (British Paralympian)

Satoshi Tajiri (Pokemon creator)

Carly Fleischmann

More on Savants:

The Psychology of Savants: Memory Masters

Artists with Autism

The Einstein Effect: Is there a link between having Autism and being a genius?

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders: What you need to know

A presentation by Pamela Compart, MD about the diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorders. Whether you’re a student, a parent or a professional who wants to know what professionals look for when they diagnose individuals with Autism, watch the video below:

More on Autism:

Vote for Miss Montana 2012, Alexis Wineman

What does Autism mean?

What is PDD-NOS?

Communication difficulties in Autism

Big Bang Theory’s Sheldon Cooper: Asperger’s Syndrome’s Poster Boy?

Still unsure if Sheldon has Asperger’s?

DSM-V and Autism

The Autistic Me: BBC Documentary

Temple Grandin: The world needs all kinds of minds

Autism in the classroom:

Guide to parents of students with ASD on coping with the first day back to school

Common signs of Autism in the classroom

First day back to school: Top tips for parents of children with Autism

Practical tips to make your classroom Autism-Friendly

Inspiring People with Autism:

Dr. Temple Grandin

Jessica-Jane Applegate (British Paralympian)

Satoshi Tajiri (Pokemon creator)

Carly Fleischmann

More on Savants:

The Psychology of Savants: Memory Masters

Artists with Autism

The Einstein Effect: Is there a link between having Autism and being a genius?

What is Pervasive Development Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)?

Pervasive Development Dosorders Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), along with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) and Classic Autism, is a part of the Autism Spectrum. People who are diagnosed with PDD-NOS exhibits symptoms which are similar to those who have Autism but at the same time, do not exactly meet the criteria for AS or Classic Autism. In other words, when there is not enough evidence to support a diagnosis for Autism, yet the symptoms are pronounced enough, individuals may get diagnosed with PDD-NOS. It has been criticized as being a catch-all diagnosis.

DSM-IV-TR’s Definition

The DSM or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders define PDD-NOs as follows:

“This category should be used when there is a severe and pervasive impairment in the development of reciprocal social interaction or verbal and nonverbal communication skills, or when stereotyped behavior, interests, and activities are present, but the criteria are not met for a specific pervasive developmental disorder, schizophrenia, schizotypal personality disorder, or avoidant personality disorder. For example, this category includes “atypical autism” –presentations that do not meet the criteria for autistic disorder because of late age of onset, atypical symptomatology, or subthreshold symptomatology, or all of these.”

It should be pointed out that at the time of writing, professionals do not have a consensus as to how to correctly diagnose PDD-NOS and that there are not many succint diagnostic tools available. Academics and professionals alike criticize the DSM-IV-TR’s definition as being too weak.

Helpful PDD-NOS reading materials:

PDD-NOS checklist (read skeptically)

Volkmar et al. (2004) Autism and Pervasive Disorders (Free access Academic Journal Article)

Quinn (2000) Pervasive Developmental Disorders: An Altered Perspective (A book worth buying)

More on Autism:

Vote for Miss Montana, Alexis Wineman

What does Autism mean?

Communication difficulties in Autism

Big Bang Theory’s Sheldon Cooper: Asperger’s Syndrome’s Poster Boy?

Guide to parents of students with ASD on coping with the first day back to school

Common signs of Autism in the classroom

Inspiring People with Autism:

Dr. Temple Grandin

Jessica-Jane Applegate (British Paralympian)

Satoshi Tajiri (Pokemon creator)

Carly Fleischmann

More on Savants:

The Psychology of Savants: Memory Masters

Artists with Autism

The Einstein Effect: Is there a link between having Autism and being a genius?